Aappilattoq

Aappilattoq means “the red mountain”. Located around 22 km northeast of Upernavik, the settlement was founded in 1805, but did not become a trading station until 1850. The climate by Aappilattoq is milder than near the outer islands, which means that the sea rarely freezes over, so fishing is possible all year round.

Towards the north and east, Aappilattoq is surrounded by steep, inaccessible mountain terrain. This has limited the possibilities of developing new areas to match the population growth. As a result, the pattern of development is relatively dense and located in a low-lying terrain on the north-western coast of the island.

Settlement objectives (priority areas, development goals etc.)

The aim is to maintain the current level of service and housing. Further urban development is to take place within the existing settlement area.

Development is expected within sustainable fishing, among other things because of the interest in establishing a fish production facility (e.g. a factory producing dried strips of halibut). Development opportunities are to be supported through zoning of areas and a study looking into the possibility of improving the existing jetty facilities at the port and, potentially, a port upgrade involving an actual quay. This may make it necessary to relocate major functions (heliport and dump) to more suitable locations. Many homes in the settlement are in need of rehabilitation and redevelopment, and the demand for housing and any new houses should be integrated in existing areas.

The goals for the settlement are to reflect its many children and youth. This means that areas and facilities for children should be given high priority, e.g. soccer field, meeting places and kindergarten, as should teacher housing and drop-in centres. There is also to reserved sufficient areas for traditional activities such as dog keeping.

Population and housing

Overall, the population grew in the period from 1980 to 2003, from 119 to 154 inhabitants. The population peaked around the turn of the millennium with 231 inhabitants in Aappilattoq. Since then, the population has gone down steadily, by almost 28 per cent in total. The population is expected to continue to decrease, so the planning period will primarily call for replacement buildings and rehabilitation. Children and youth account for a relatively large share of Aappilattoq’s population (36 per cent).

The homes consist of detached single-family houses, which are located in two subareas. A new residential area at the ridge towards the southeast is still unbuilt, and its remaining capacity is estimated at around 60 homes. The housing stock in the settlement is in dire need of rehabilitation.

Industry and port facilities

The main trades include fishing, sealing and whaling, which employ most of the settlement’s inhabitants. The main catches are Greenland halibut and seals, which can be caught almost all year around.  Royal Greenland and Polar Seafood  merging into Upernavik Seafood A/S has meant that the factory in Aappilattoq is now but a trading facility. 

Aappilattoq has no real port, rather a small jetty. Boats are made fast along the low-lying coastal areas by the settlement’s centre area.

Jobs in the settlement are related to the municipal office, the school, the church, Pilersuisoq, Upernavik Seafood A/S and Nukissiorfiit, the service house and the settlement consultation post. There is also a private trading facility for fresh skin. In 2010, the unemployment rate in the settlements of Upernavik was around four per cent, which is below the municipal average (six per cent).

Tourism is a relatively new trade in the settlement, but it has a certain development potential. For instance, dog sledge day-trips are organised from Upernavik to Aappilattoq, or you can take kayak tours to the settlement. The increasing tourism in the settlement forms the basis for further development within sales of local products.

In the town plan, the remaining capacity for industry and port facilities is estimated at 5,000 m2.

Infrastructure and services

The settlement helistop has a gravel runway, and other transport is by the sea, by means of either dog sledge or snowmobile.

In principle, there is only one road in the settlement, which runs westwards from the quay and the trading facility to the heliport in the northern part of the settlement. The road is generally more like a path and is of poor maintenance standard. From the thoroughfare, a couple of small roads/path lead into the residential areas.

The technical operation is handled by Nukissiorfiit, and telecommunication is handled by TELE Greenland A/S. Night-soil collection and waste management are handled by a private company. The settlement is unsewered, and grey wastewater is charged directly above ground. Water is extracted from drinking water lakes and distributed at bottling houses. Night-soil services entail collection of bags, which are emptied into the sea from a worn-down ramp without a chute.

Aappilattoq also boats a municipal office, a service house, a settlement consultation post and a village hall. Child-care services consist of family day care.

Education

The old elementary school, Paaviap Atuarfia, numbered around 32 pupils in forms 1 through 9. The old school building was rehabilitated and extended in 1996, and a new school, Narsannguup atuarfia, was constructed in 2011. The school features an independent library building.

Cultural and leisure facilities

The settlement has five preservation-worthy buildings: B-37, B-40, B-41, B-117 and B-132 (the church). All preservation-worthy buildings are located in the centre areas close to the quay.

The cultural scene and leisure activities mainly use the facilities at the school and the village hall.

Qaasuitsup Kommunia · Postboks 1023 · 3952 Ilulissat · Grønland · www.qaasuitsup.gl · E-mail: plan@qaasuitsup.gl · Tlf.: +299 947800
Last edited 29-3-2017